10 common steering system failures

common steering system faults
common steering system faults


Have you heard of steering problems in cars? If not, it’s important that you read this 7 Common Steering System Failures article to the end. Please note that when the driver loses control of the direction of the car, this can lead to accidents.

It is true that operating the steering wheel is simple for drivers, however, the steering system can be much more complicated. The steering system transfers the rotation of the steering wheel to the steering axis of the car, to move the wheels to the left or right.

It is important to fix this problem as soon as possible, otherwise steering problems may worsen over time. If you don’t take your car to the mechanic, you won’t be able to drive it safely.


What is a car’s steering system?

Common steering system faults
Common steering system faults

When we talk about the steering system, we refer to the system that is responsible for transmitting the movement of the steering wheel to the wheels, this is done through a series of components that work in coordination.

Many experts in the automotive world consider the steering system to be very important for driving safety. If you have noticed irregularities, it is best to go to your trusted workshop.

Here are 7 common steering system failures:

Vibration

Common steering system faults
Common steering system faults

Vibration is one of the most common steering system failures. Vibrations and tremors can worsen over time when turning at high speeds.

In some cars, extreme jerks may be referred to as speed lurch. Extreme jolts can make it difficult to control the car and increase the risk of an accident, especially when driving at high speeds.

Keep in mind, however, that while vibrations felt in the steering wheel are probably the most common steering system complaint, the fault does not always come from the steering system components.

Another sign that the steering system has a fault is if the steering wheel vibration it happens only at low speeds and then goes away, then happens again at highway speeds and goes away when the car speeds up.

Electric steering always hard

Common steering system faults
Common steering system faults

Problems with electric power steering systems usually indicate a failure somewhere in the electric power steering system.and you need a scan tool and service information to properly diagnose and repair the car.

According to experts in the automotive world, you need to check the codes and data on the modules to properly diagnose and repair problems. Beware, moving or disconnecting power steering components is not a good idea, because the terminals inside the connectors lose their gripping ability after being disconnected even a few times.

Hard steering when you turn to one side

Common steering system faults
Common steering system faults

If you feel the steering stiff on one side only, don’t be too alarmed. If the power steering is stiff in one direction only, the usual cause is that the steering system is not calibrated and the solution is usually to recalibrate it with the scan tool.

Hydraulic steering always hard or stiff

Common steering system faults
Common steering system faults

Loss of power assist is due to low power steering fluid level, lack of power steering fluid pressure, or the steering components themselves.

If the low assist problem is due to a low power steering fluid level, it is important to find out where the fluid went. Now, if the liquid is fine, you have to check if there are any stuck components. Leaks hide inside the powder bellows on frame and can only be identified by removing the clamp.


Lack of power steering fluid pressure is usually caused by problems with the serpentine belt or the pump itself


  • You can read more in Why does my steering wheel get hard when turning?

steering fluid leaks

Common steering system faults
Common steering system faults

Power steering fluid leaks are usually caused by holes or incorrect fluid fill. If the cause of the leak is not obvious, cleaning the area and moving the steering wheel back and forth slowly through its full range of motion, or road testing the vehicle, should help identify the area where the problem is occurring.

You shouldn’t worry too much about this error. since these problems are usually very easy to detect.

You may also be interested in: Power steering pump failure

Common Steering System Faults: Intermittently Stiff Power Steering

Common steering system faults
Common steering system faults

This problem can be caused by aerated power steering fluid or seized steering components. Quickly checking both will identify which one is causing the problem.

It is important to check the liquid well, if it smells strange or has a strange color, the liquid could be contaminated, which indicates a serious problem. Also, check for tiny particles that could be pieces of seals or even particles from the pump itself.

steering wheel is not centered

Common steering system faults
Common steering system faults

When the steering wheel is off center it is due to a problem with the alignment angles, this can happen due to bent or damaged steering or suspension components. Note that these problems seem to be more common when the weather gets worse..

It is important that you regularly take the car to your trusted mechanic since it is difficult to detect what is bent or displaced.

Steering wheel does not return to its original position

A slight seizure in the steering components usually causes this problem. This usually happens after an impact or after a drastic change in alignment angles.

The solution is to inspect the damaged, bent and jammed components and correct the alignment angles, consequently this can only be done by an expert.


car steering fault

To begin this section, we must emphasize that driving a car like this can be exhausting, especially on long trips. Most of the time, this problem is fixed by performing a wheel alignment and correcting the alignment angles.

Strange noises

Intermittent or constant noises are caused by a belt problem. This fault is diagnosed by removing and rotating the belt.

If contamination is a problem, all pulleys should be cleaned before belt replacement. Also, it is advisable to check that the pulleys are correctly aligned, especially if one of the pulleys has been replaced.

  • You can read more at: noises when turning the steering wheel

Verdict

Keep in mind that most cars develop a problem with their steering systems at some point, so it’s important to know what the signs are for quick and accurate diagnosis and repair.

Don’t forget that steering systems are very important for safety!


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About Alicia Peters

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